Employment during Retirement? Simulating a Pension Reform in a Life-Cycle Model for Germany


In many countries, the ratio of pension entitlement to earnings is declining due to demographic developments. In 2017, the German government introduced a pension reform that allows workers to accumulate more pension capital through continued employment during retirement. I develop an overlapping generations model in which agents choose how much to consume, save, and whether or not to retire. Agents are heterogeneous in their education and the dis-utility of labor, which may serve as a proxy for deteriorating health. I find that the reform is welfare enhancing for both types, and it creates large incentives for workers to remain employed longer. The model predicts an increase in the effective average retirement age of 2.7 years, from 64.0 to 66.7.

Working Paper